The hard metal (carbide) core is made by pressing carbide powder in a core matrix. This creates a fragile core that already has the right shape and is held together with the help of paraffin. The pressed cores are mixed with sintering sand with the help of a robot and transferred to the sintering furnace, where they are heat treated at up to 1600 degrees Celsius for a day. In the sintering furnace, the paraffin melts away and is collected. Carbide is one of the hardest materials in the world, and together with the wear resistance of the material, it is an ideal way of improving a winter tyre’s grip on ice. In the coating department, a chemical coating can be sprayed on the surface of the stud, enabling the studs to stick to the tyres better.